Shajapur District is a part of the Central Madhya Pradesh Plateau- Ratlam plateau Micro region according to the present scheme of regional delineation. The district is situated in the northwestern part of the state and lies between latitudes 32"06' and 24" 19' North and longitude 75" 41' and 77" 02' East. The district is bounded by Ujjain in the west, Dewas and Sehore in the South, Rajgarh in the East and Jhalawar district of Rajasthan in the north.
Shajapur district in Ujjain division was brought during 1981 census. The district is identified from the Headquarter town Shajapur named after honor of Shahjahan the Moughal Emperor who halted here in 1640. It is said that the original name was Shahjahanpur, which subsequently reduces to Shajapur. Since the formation of the Gwalior State, it has remained a district.
The entire district is a part of Deccan Trap of Cretaceous Eocene age. The alluvium of ecent period is, however, found along the river Parbati in a narrow strip. The district has deep black and shallow black brown and alluvial soils of the northern region. Physio-cultural diversities in the district have led to sub-divide it into the following sub-micro regions:-
2.Shajapur Forested Upland
3.Kali Sindh Basin